Here’s one fancy way to do just that: use an epiphonema!
What in the world is that?
So glad you asked! According to Dictionary.com, an epiphonema is, and I quote, “a sentence that is an exclamation, a general or striking comment, or a succinct summary of what has previously been said“. In other word, it’s a fancy way to have the last word!
For an example, listen in to the following conversation:
Dan: I got my bike out yesterday, and it’s already at the bike shop.
Lise: What? How come?
Dan: Well, I cleaned it all up, tuned the brakes and the gears, checked and pumped up the tires. I figured I’d go for a ride before supper, but then my phone rang. So I left my bike there and went into the house. Came back out and what do you know? My son hit my bike with his car!
Lise: Oh no! Not for real!
Dan: Yup, the best laid plans of mice and men!
Did you notice the epiphonema?
Exactly! The last comment: the best laid plans of mice of men – refers to English poet Robert Burn’s poem To A Mouse, where he writes:
The best laid schemes o’ mice an’ men/gang aft a-gley.
(Modern translation: The best prepared plans of a human often go wrong.)
Shall we try another example?
Anna: Hey, Laurence! I finally submitted my application for the Master’s program.
Laurence: At long last! Alia iecta est!
In this example, Laurence ends the conversation saying alia iecta est (meaning, the die is cast, or we’ll just have to see what happens), apparently said by Seutonius to Julius Caesar as they crossed the Rubicon River to begin battle against Pompey.
There you have it! Can you think of any epiphonemas you used lately, or heard someone else use?
Have a great day, and keep learning! (Wait! Was that an epiphonema?!)
- Claire :o)
[Sources: https://rhetconcepts.wordpress.com/2011/12/06/epiphonema-overview/; https://www.dictionary.com/browse/the-best-laid-plans-of-mice-and-men-often-go-awry; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alea_iacta_est]